Cefic-lri Programme | European Chemical Industry Council

Projects

D1.1-NOFE: Biomarkers of Exposure – Trends and Key Developments

The aim of the study was to evaluate existing biomarkers of exposure to xenobiotics and analytical methods from the point of view of the possibility of practical use for assessing and managing occupational and environmental health risk. The study encompassed […]

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EMSG36: Further Development and Scientific Evaluation of Appropriate Methods for Identification and Characterisation of Toxic Effects of Hormonally Active Substances on Reproduction in Birds as Part of Multi-Generation-Studies

The effects of so-called ”endocrine disruptors” (EDs), i.e. hormone-like acting substances of natural or anthropogenic origin or compounds disturbing the endocrine system by other mechanisms, on reproduction are subject to extensive discussion worldwide. For better identification of such effects, regulatory […]

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EMSG35-BASF: Enhanced OECD TG 407 – Development and Validation

Concerns that toxicological test guidelines may not optimally detect effects on the endocrine system have lead to proposals to enhance the current sub-acute rodent OECD Test Guideline No. 407 (OECD 1995). The efficacy of the modified enhanced (phase 2) protocol […]

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CC1-UNEW/ZENE: Molecular Toxicology and Structure Activity Relationships in the Rodent Carcinogenesis of Industrially Important Dienes and the Relevance for Human Cancer

About one-half of chemicals tested for long-term health effects in laboratory rats and mice have been found to cause cancer. The accuracy of these tests in predicting human cancer risks needs to be fully understood, particularly for chemicals produced and […]

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IA4.6: A Rat IGE Test for the Identification of Chemical Respiratory Allergens

Some chemicals can induce allergies, including allergy of the lungs and other parts of the respiratory tract. (Examples include acid anhydrides, certain diisocyanates, some platinum salts, certain reactive dyes and plicatic acid). This is an important occupational health problem because […]

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EMSG29: Examination of Bull Sperm as a Sentinel Species for Male Reproductive Health

Discussions over possible declines in male sperm counts are hampered by the lack of human data. Data is readily available, however, on sperm counts from other mammals, and this can provide helpful insight to questions regarding male fertility rates. This […]

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CC1-USTR: Interspecies Differences in the Metabolism of Toxic Aldehydes and Ketones by the AKR7 Family of Aldo-Keto Reductases

Highly reactive carbonyl compounds, aldehydes and ketones - found in a diverse range of natural and synthetic compounds - can cause cancer by damaging cell proteins and DNA. To help prevent this cells contain enzymes, which can break down these […]

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R2-TNO: The Role of Irritancy and Irritant-Induced Inflammation in the Elicitation of Respiratory Hypersensitivity Reactions

A range of low molecular weight chemicals can cause adverse reactions in the airways such as allergic asthma, including occupational asthma. Allergies involve a generally symptom-free induction phase where sensitisation is induced, and an elicitation (challenge) phase, where inhalation of […]

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EMSG8: Are Connexins, the Gap Junctional Integral Proteins, Involved in Male Reproductive Disorders Associated With Possible Exposure to Endocrine Disrupting Agents?

The objective of the project is to verify whether impairment of expression and/or function of the gap junctional connexins (elements of the gap junction structure; this structure facilitates "communication" between cells) could be implicated in human male reproductive disorders. An […]

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CC2-LUMC: Gene Expression Profiling in DNA Repair-Deficient XPA Transgenic Mice Following Treatment With Benzo[A]Pyrene and Cyclosporin-A: Lymphomagens with Different Modes of Action

Many environmental chemicals which have been shown to cause cancer in rodents have been implicated in human cancer. However, establishing cause and effect in humans is often impossible. Today, the only accepted test for human carcinogenicity is the two-year rodent […]

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