Cefic-lri Programme | European Chemical Industry Council

Projects

CC2-MRCT: Gene Expression Profiling of Skin Carcinogenesis in Mice Using cDNA Microarrays

Skin cancers are very common in humans - with around one million cases/year in the US - and their development can be affected by stimulators of growth such as certain chemicals. Although initiation is clearly extremely important, clonal expansion (promotion) […]

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IRTA2-001-TNOV: Characterisation of Respiratory Tract Sensitization to Improve Hazard Identification of Respiratory Allergens

This project aimed to improve hazard identification of respiratory chemical allergens, as is presently being done by measuring proliferation and cytokine production in local lymph nodes and IgE in serum upon dermal application of the chemical in question. To this […]

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EMSG10: Do Industrial Oestrogens or Their Metabolites Influence Male Reproductive Function?

The objective of the study was to investigate if alkylphenols, which had been shown to bind to oestrogen receptors, might also influence the catabolism and bioavailablity of natural oestrogens by acting as substrates and/or inhibitors of phenolsulphotransferase activity. The results […]

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CC2-UNBI: Determination of Human and Rodent Gene Expression Patterns in Response to Chemical Carcinogens: Facilitation of Knowledge-Based Human Risk Assessment From Molecular Mechanisms

Naturally-occurring and man-made chemicals are widespread in the environment. Predictions of human health risks are usually based on laboratory tests on animals such as rats and mice. Occasionally, cancer does occur in mice alone or in both rats and mice […]

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IRTA2-001-VITO: In Vivo and In Vitro Characterisation of Chemical Respiratory Allergens: Development of an In Vitro Assay Using Gene Expression Profiling

The main objective of this project is the development of an approach/strategy that can be used to identify chemical allergens and if possible to discern respiratory from contact sensitizers. In order to accomplish this, the proposed study aims to identify […]

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EMSG11: Sperm Quality Studies Measuring Seminiferous Tubules

The objective of this investigation is to use of histopathological/morphometric techniques to assess whether or not there have been changes in morphology of the human testis over the past 50 years.

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CC2-001-UMAN: Quantitative Associations Between DNA Adduct Levels and Mutations: a Tool for Human Risk Assessment

Specific DNA adducts have been shown to cause gene mutations and carcinogenesis but despite extensive work the biological significance of DNA adduct levels in human populations is largely unknown, in part because all human tissues contain DNA adducts of varying […]

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IRTA2-001-HSL: Development of a Human In Vitro Testing Model to Distinguish Immune Responses to Chemical Respiratory vs Contact Allergens

The main objective of this project is to use dendritic-like cells derived from a human cell line to develop a robust in vitro system to distinguish between respiratory vs contact sensitising chemicals. Whilst the use of cell lines will help […]

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EMSG12: Exposure to Endocrine-Disruptor Chemicals Assessed by Ligand-Receptor Interaction Analysis of Human Body Fluids

The objective of the research was to determine whether the levels of binding between oestrogenic chemicals and pure oestrogen receptor could be quantified in vitro using ligand receptor interaction analysis. The hope was that such technology might be usefully applied […]

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CC2-001-UWSW: Dose Relationships of DNA Adducts and Mutations

The common current assumption is that there is an essentially linear relationship between exposure to genotoxic chemicals, DNA lesion formation and the induction of mutagenic changes. A number of studies of DNA adduct induction indicate that such a linear relationship […]

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