Cefic-lri Programme | European Chemical Industry Council

Complex environments

R2-TNO: The Role of Irritancy and Irritant-Induced Inflammation in the Elicitation of Respiratory Hypersensitivity Reactions

A range of low molecular weight chemicals can cause adverse reactions in the airways such as allergic asthma, including occupational asthma. Allergies involve a generally symptom-free induction phase where sensitisation is induced, and an elicitation (challenge) phase, where inhalation of […]

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EMSG28: Development, Validation and Application of in Vitro and in Vivo Test Systems for Non-Oestrogenic Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals in Wildlife

The project will provide information on effective in vitro (T-screen & Keratonisation Assay) and in vivo assays (metamorphosis, migration and prolonged FETAX-assay) for alterations of thyroid and retinoid dependent processes. It will bridge the gap between the in vitro and […]

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RTD-INSERM: Neuroendocrine Effects of Endocrine Active Chemicals (EAC): a Literature Review

The mammalian brain and pituitary gland (hypophysis) are clearly target organs for steroid and thyroid hormone action. There is also evidence that prenatal (in utero) or neonatal (young) exposure to high concentrations of some chemicals can affect the developing nervous […]

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CC2-001-UMAN: Quantitative Associations Between DNA Adduct Levels and Mutations: a Tool for Human Risk Assessment

Specific DNA adducts have been shown to cause gene mutations and carcinogenesis but despite extensive work the biological significance of DNA adduct levels in human populations is largely unknown, in part because all human tissues contain DNA adducts of varying […]

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IRTA2-001-SYNG: Transcript Profiling and Cytokine Fingerprinting : Identification and Characterisation of Chemical Respiratory Allergens

Allergic hypersensitivity of the respiratory tract is an important occupational health problem. A major constraint in the development of appropriate methods for the prospective identification of chemical respiratory allergens is the continuing uncertainty regarding the immunobiological mechanisms of this disease […]

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EMSG36: Further Development and Scientific Evaluation of Appropriate Methods for Identification and Characterisation of Toxic Effects of Hormonally Active Substances on Reproduction in Birds as Part of Multi-Generation-Studies

The effects of so-called ”endocrine disruptors” (EDs), i.e. hormone-like acting substances of natural or anthropogenic origin or compounds disturbing the endocrine system by other mechanisms, on reproduction are subject to extensive discussion worldwide. For better identification of such effects, regulatory […]

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EMSG24: Environmental Oestrogens and the Neuro-Endocrine Regulation of Reproduction of Fish

The aim of the study was to study neuro-endocrine regulation, particularly the brain-pituitary-gonad (BPG) axis, 3 freshwater fish species (catfish, trout and tilapia) exposed to 4-nonyl phenol (4-NP) or oestradiol (EE). The research also sought to establish an immortalised gonadotroph […]

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CC2-001-UWSW: Dose Relationships of DNA Adducts and Mutations

The common current assumption is that there is an essentially linear relationship between exposure to genotoxic chemicals, DNA lesion formation and the induction of mutagenic changes. A number of studies of DNA adduct induction indicate that such a linear relationship […]

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IRTA2-001-TNOV: Characterisation of Respiratory Tract Sensitization to Improve Hazard Identification of Respiratory Allergens

This project aimed to improve hazard identification of respiratory chemical allergens, as is presently being done by measuring proliferation and cytokine production in local lymph nodes and IgE in serum upon dermal application of the chemical in question. To this […]

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EMSG29: Examination of Bull Sperm as a Sentinel Species for Male Reproductive Health

Discussions over possible declines in male sperm counts are hampered by the lack of human data. Data is readily available, however, on sperm counts from other mammals, and this can provide helpful insight to questions regarding male fertility rates. This […]

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