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ECO11: Towards rationally designed hazard, risk and persistency assessment: Putting the “bio” back into biodegradability tests
Click here to read the project summary.
ECO11.2: Ring test to revise the marine biodegradation screening test for persistence assessments (phase 1: SOP and ring test design development)
Based on the findings of ECO11, there was consensus that so-called “enhanced” or “improved” tests for persistence assessment should be ring tested for the marine environment with a set of reference validation chemicals. In the first phase of this project, standard operation procedures were developed and interest from contract research organisations gathered to participate in the ring test.
ECO11.3: Ring test to revise the marine biodegradation screening test for persistence assessments (phase 2: Ring test performance; phase 3: Data analysis and publication)
An improved marine biodegradation screening test (BST) protocol for persistence assessment incorporating both increased cell concentrations and test duration was assessed using a set of reference chemicals in a multi-institutional ring test across 13 laboratories in the UK, Norway, Germany, Italy, Canada, USA and Japan. In comparison to the standard marine BST (OECD 306 Closed Bottle Method), the improved marine BST was more reliable and less variable at characterising the environmental persistence of the reference compounds. Extending the test durations beyond 28 days allowed for a more reliable characterisation of environmental persistence.
ECO11.4: OECD 306 Ring Test Workshop: Improving Marine Biodegradation Screening Tests for Persistence Assessments
The findings of the ring test were discussed with academia, industry, contract research organisations and regulatory bodies at a workshop held at Newcastle University in 2018. This two-day workshop focussed on presentations and breakout sessions on the findings from the ring test and the next steps towards improved (marine) biodegradation screening. “Theory in practice” sessions gave the participants the opportunity to learn more about the analysis conducted in the ring test (tangential flow filtration for cell concentration, flow cytometry for cell counts and DNA sequencing for microbial community profiling) and their relevance for future biodegradation testing. During the breakout sessions, there was resounding support for the new method to be proposed as a new OECD test guideline.
Kowalczyk, A., Martin, T.J., Price, O.R., Snape, J.R., van Egmond, R.A., Finnegan, C.J., Schäfer, H., Davenport, R.J., Bending, G.D., 2015. Refinement of biodegradation tests methodologies and the proposed utility of new microbial ecology techniques. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 111, 9–22.
ECETOC, 2017. Improvement of the OECD 306 screening test. Workshop held at CEFAS laboratories, Lowestoft, UK 17-18 February 2015 and subsequent ring test No.34, Workshop Report. Brussels.
Martin, T.J., Goodhead, A.K., Acharya, K., Head, I.M., Snape, J.R., Davenport, R.J., 2017. High Throughput Biodegradation-Screening Test to Prioritize and Evaluate Chemical Biodegradability. Environ. Sci. Technol. 51, 7236–7244.
Martin, T.J., Snape, J.R., Bartram, A., Robson, A., Acharya, K., Davenport, R.J., 2017. Environmentally Relevant Inoculum Concentrations Improve the Reliability of Persistent Assessments in Biodegradation Screening Tests. Environ. Sci. Technol. 51, 3065–3073.
Martin, T.J., Goodhead, A.K., Snape, J.R., Davenport, R.J., 2018. Improving the ecological relevance of aquatic bacterial communities in biodegradability screening assessments. Sci. Total Environ. 627, 1552–1559.
Ott, A., Martin, T.J., Whale, G.F., Snape, J.R., Rowles, B., Galay-Burgos, M., Davenport, R.J., 2019. Improving the biodegradability in seawater test (OECD 306). Sci. Total Environ. 666, 399–404.
Amelie Ott, Timothy J.Martin, Jason R. Snape, Russell J. Davenport, Dec 2019. Increased cell numbers improve marine biodegradation tests for persistence assessment.
Ott A, Martin TJ, Whale G, Snape JR, Rowles B, Hubesch B, Davenport RJ. (May 2018), Findings from an international ring test for an improved marine biodegradation screening test. SETAC Europe 2018. Rome, Italy.
Ott A, Martin TJ, Whale G, Snape JR, Rowles B, Hubesch B, Davenport RJ. (May 2017), Ring test to improve the OECD 306 marine biodegradation screening test. SETAC Europe 2017. Brussels, Belgium.
Ott A, Whale G, Martin TJ, Snape JR, Rowles B, Galay-Burgos M, Davenport RJ (May 2016). Workshop on the current status and steps needed to improve the OECD 306 marine biodegradation screening test. SETAC Europe 2016. Nantes, France.
- ECETOC and ECO 11 funded workshop “Assessing Environmental Persistence”, 6-7 November 2012 in Paris; co-organised by representatives from ECETOC, Industry, the Federal Environment Agency of Germany (UBA) and the Environment Agency (EA) of England and Wales with 45 attendees from academia, regulatory agencies and industry.
- ECETOC funded workshop “Improvement of the OECD 306 screening test”, 18-19 February 2015 at Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas) in Lowestoft, UK; co-organised by Newcastle University and Cefas with 37 representatives from academia, industry and regulatory bodies.
- Cefic LRI funded workshop “OECD 306 ring test workshop: Improving marine biodegradation screening testing”, 3-4 May 2018 at Newcastle University in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK; organised by Newcastle University and the ring test steering committee with 34 representatives from academia, industry and regulatory bodies.
- ECO11.1: January 2009 – December 2011
- ECO11.2: December 2015 – March 2016
- ECO11.3: September 2016 – December 2019
- ECO11.4: February – July 2018
- ECO11.1: € 399 333
- ECO11.2: € 49 797
- ECO11.3: € 146 709
- ECO11.4: € 7 141